Bangladesh is located on the northern coast of the Bay of Bengal, surrounded by India. The climate is tropical with mild winters and hot summers.
Rice is the single most important crop in Bangladesh. In 1980, the country’s rice production stood at 10 million metric tons (mt) harvested from 10 million hectares.
By 2009, with support from the Bangladesh Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE), production had increased to more than 34 million mt from the same 10 million hectares.
Bangladesh remains poor and overpopulated, with 36 percent of its inhabitants living in poverty. They also face environmental challenges such as soil degradation, erosion and water pollution from overuse of fertilizer and crop protection products as well as pollution from naturally occurring arsenic.