Environmental issues facing Gambia include deforestation, desertification and a prevalence of water-borne diseases.
Gambia is located in West Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and Senegal. The country’s total land area is 11,295 sq km and is comparatively slightly larger than Jamaica.
Its climate is tropical, with a hot rainy season and a cooler dry season.
Despite is limited agricultural resources, Gambia’s small-scale food processing facilities are growing. Roughly 75 percent of the population relies on the agricultural sector to support their livelihoods which provides for one-fifth of the GDP. The banking sector has also become a significant factor in the country’s GDP along with commodity exports such as peanut products, fish and cotton lint.
Of the total land area, 39.82 percent is utilized for cultivated crops, while no measurable amount of the total land supports permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees.