Guinea faces several environmental issues including deforestation, lack of potable water, desertification and soil contamination and erosion. Rain forest regions are also subject to overpopulation.
Guinea is located in West Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, with Mali to its north. The country’s total land area is 245,857 sq km and is comparatively slightly larger than the United Kingdom.
The country’s climate is tropical, with a monsoonal rainy season and a dry season.
Guinea’s economic growth rose slightly in 2006-2008, primarily due to increases in global demand for and commodity prices of minerals and agricultural products. Yet, in that same period, the country’s standard of living fell. Guinea switched from a major agricultural exportation country to importing most of their crops. Yet, despite this change, the country still relies heavily on mineral exportation in particular, bauxite deposits, which represent nearly half of the world’s reserves. This growing mining sector accounts for more than 70 percent of Guinea’s exports.
Of the total land area, 11.59 percent is utilized for cultivated crops, while another three percent supports permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees.