Since 2014, Christian Dimkpa has been involved in the development of crop fertilizers at IFDC. He develops enhanced efficiency urea-nitrogen by coating with nanoparticles, and studies plant response to nutrients based on particle size and solubility state. He investigates crop response to micronutrients for yield enhancement, acceleration of phenological development, resilience to drought and disease stress, and fortification of edible tissues with nutrients critical for human health. He also studies the role of micronutrients in improving plant use efficiency of nitrogen, with implications for mitigating climatic effects. An important aspect of Christian’s research at IFDC involves examining how micronutrients influence plant uptake of phosphorus. Between 2009 and 2014, Christian was a Post-Doctoral Fellow and Research-Assistant-Professor at the Biology Department of Utah State University (USU) Logan, USA. At USU, he was a co-Principal Investigator on US Department of Agriculture (USDA)-funded grants that evaluated the interactions of plants and plant-associated microbes with metallic nanoparticles in the context of ecotoxicology and plant health. In 2009, he obtained his doctorate degree in Natural Sciences (plant-microbe-metal interactions) from the Friedrich Schiller University/International Max Planck Research School Jena, Germany. He has published over 75 articles, book chapters and technical reports. He has given presentations at national and international conferences. He is a Senior Review Editor for the Journal of Basic Microbiology, and a member of the USDA NIFA-AFRI Center for Nanotechnology and Agricultural Pathogens Suppression. He has been involved in collaborative development projects in East and West Africa and has been an external Graduate Dissertation Examiner for the Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences North West University, South Africa since 2019.

  1. Dimkpa, C.O., Fugice, J., Singh, U., Lewis, T. 2020. Development of fertilizers for enhanced nitrogen use efficiency – Trends and perspectives. Science of the Total Environment 731:139113
  2. Dimkpa, C.O., Andrews, J., Sanabria, J., Bindraban, P.S., Singh, U., Elmer, W.H., Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., White, J.C. 2020. Interactive effects of drought, organic fertilizer, and zinc oxide nanoscale and bulk particles on wheat performance and grain nutrient accumulation. Science of the Total Environment 722:137808.
  3. Dimkpa, C.O., Andrews, J., Fugice, J., Singh, U., Bindraban, P.S., Elmer, W.H., Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., White, J.C. 2020. Facile coating of urea with low-dose ZnO nanoparticles promotes wheat performance and enhances Zn uptake under drought stress. Frontiers in Plant Science 11:168.
  4. Bindraban, P.S., Dimkpa, C.O., White, J.C., Franklin, F.A., Melse-Boonstra, A., Koele, N., Pandey, R., Rodenburg, J., Senthilkumar, K. Demokritou, P., Schmidt, S. 2020. Safeguarding human and planetary health demands a fertilizer sector transformation. Plants, People Planet DOI: 10.1002/ppp3.10098.
  5. Bindraban, P.S., Dimkpa, C.O., Pandey, R. 2020. Exploring phosphorus fertilizers and fertilization strategies for improved human and environmental health. Biology and Fertility of Soils, DOI: 10.1007/s00374-019-01430-2.
  6. Comer, B.A., Fuentes, P., Dimkpa, C.O., Liu, Y-H., Fernandez, C., Arora, P., Realff, M., Singh, U.P., Hatzell, M.C., Medford A.J. 2019. Prospects and challenges for solar fertilizers. Joule 3:1578-1605.
  7. Dimkpa, C.O., Singh, U., Bindraban, P.S., Elmer, W.H., Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., White, J.C.  2019. Zinc oxide nanoparticles alleviate drought-induced alterations in sorghum performance, nutrient acquisition, and grain fortification. Science of the Total Environment 688: 926-934.
  8. Dimkpa, C.O., Singh, U., Bindraban, P.S., Adisa, I.O., Elmer, W.H., Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., White, J.C. 2019. Addition-omission of zinc, copper, and boron nano and bulk particles demonstrate element and size -specific response of soybean to micronutrients exposure. Science of the Total Environment 665:606-616.
  9. Dimkpa C., Bindraban P. 2018. Nanofertilizers: new products for the industry? Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 66: 6462–6473.
  10. Dimkpa, C.O., Singh, U., Bindraban, P.S., Elmer, W.H., Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., White, J.C.2018. Exposure to weathered and fresh nanoparticle and ionic Zn in soil promotes grain yield and modulates nutrient acquisition in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 66: 9645–9656.
  11. Elmer, W., De La Torre-Roche, R., Pagano, L., Majumdar, S.,Zuverza-Mena, N., Dimkpa, C., Gardea-Torresdey, J., White, J.C. 2018. Effect of metalloid and metallic oxide nanoparticles on Fusarium wilt of watermelon. Plant Disease 102:1394-1401.
  12. Bindraban, P.S., Dimkpa, C.O., Angle, S., Rabbinge, R. 2018. Unlocking the multiple public good services from balanced fertilizers. Food Security 10:273-285.
  13. Dimkpa C., Bindraban P., McLean J.E., Gatere L., Singh U., Hellums D. 2017. Methods for rapid testing of plant and soil nutrients. In: Sustainable Agriculture Reviews (Lichtfouse E., Ed.) Springer International Publishers. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-58679-3_1.
  14. Dimkpa, C.O., White, J.C. Elmer, W.H. and Gardea-Torresdey J. 2017. Nanoparticle and ionic Zn promote nutrient loading of sorghum grain under low NPK fertilization. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry  65:8552-8559.
  15. Dimkpa C., Bindraban P., Fugice J., Agyin-Birikorang S., Singh U., Hellums D. 2017. Composite micronutrient nanoparticles and salts decrease drought stress in soybean. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 37:5.
  16. Angle, SJ, Singh U, Dimkpa, CO, Bindraban PS, Hellum, DT. 2017. Role of fertilisers for climate-resilient agriculture. Proceedings of the International Fertiliser Society, London, U.K. 802, 44.
  17. Rietra, R.P.J.J., Heinen, M., Dimkpa, C.O., and Bindraban, P.S. 2017. Effects of nutrient antagonism and synergism on yield and fertilizer use efficiency. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 48:16.
  18. Dimkpa CO, Bindraban PS. 2016. Micronutrients fortification for efficient agronomic production. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 36:1-26.
  19. Monreal CM, DeRosa M, Mallubhotla SC, Bindraban PS, Dimkpa C. 2016. Nanotechnologies for increasing the crop use efficiency of fertilizer-micronutrients. Biology and Fertility of Soils 52:423–437.
  20. Servin A, Elmer W, A. Mukherjee, De La Torre-Roche R, Hamdi H, White JC, Bindraban P, and Dimkpa C. 2015. A review of the use of engineered nanomaterials to suppress plant disease and enhance crop yield. Journal of Nanoparticle Research 17:92.