Cape Verde, a group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, is located west of Senegal in West Africa. The climate is temperate, with warm, dry summers and low precipitation.
Although nearly 70 percent of Cape Verde’s population lives in rural areas that could support increased food production, the share of food production in GDP is only about nine percent. Consequently about 82% of the nation’s food is imported.
Of Cape Verde’s total land area, 12 percent is utilized for cultivated crops, while permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees represent less than one percent of the total land area.
Cape Verde’s economy is better than many countries in the region, yet 30 percent of the population lives in poverty. Agricultural issues facing Cape Verde include soil erosion and deforestation. The country also suffers from prolonged droughts and volcanic and seismic activity.