Chad is located in Central Africa, with Niger to its west and Libya to its north. The climate is tropical in the south and arid desert in the north.
Chad’s primarily agricultural economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects that began in 2000. As a major cotton producer, the country’s government has joined with three other cotton-producing countries in the region – Benin, Burkina Faso and Mali (known as the Cotton-4 countries) – to lobby in the World Trade Organization for fewer subsidies to cotton producers in other competing countries.
Of the total land area, less than 4 percent is arable and utilized for cultivated crops, while no measurable amount of the total land supports permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees.
Current development issues facing Chad include an inadequate potable water supply and improper waste disposal in rural areas, contributing to soil and water contamination.