Gambia is located in West Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and Senegal. The climate is tropical, with a hot rainy season and a cooler dry season.
Despite its limited agricultural resources, Gambia’s small-scale food processing facilities are growing. Roughly 75 percent of the population relies on the agriculture sector, which makes up one-fifth of the GDP, to support their livelihoods. The banking sector has also become a significant factor in the country’s GDP along with commodity exports such as peanut products, fish and cotton lint.
Environmental issues facing Gambia include deforestation, desertification and a prevalence of water-borne diseases.
Of the total land area, 39.82 percent is utilized for cultivated crops, while no measurable amount of the total land supports permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees.