Niger is located in West Africa, with Algeria to its northwest and Nigeria to its south. The climate is primarily hot, dry desert, but it is tropical in the extreme south.
Niger is a landlocked, sub-Saharan nation whose economy centers on subsistence crops, livestock and some of the world’s largest uranium deposits.
The country’s agriculture sector represents 39 percent of GDP, with primary exports of livestock, cowpeas and onions.
Of the total land area, 12 percent is utilized for cultivated crops, while no measurable amount of the total land supports permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees.
Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking near last on the United Nations Development Fund index of human development.
Environmental issues include overgrazing, soil erosion, deforestation and desertification.