Zambia is located in southern Africa, east of Angola. The climate is tropical but becomes more temperate as altitudes increase.
Landlocked Zambia’s economy has experienced strong growth in recent years, with real GDP growth in 2005-2008 at roughly 6 percent annually. The remaining 7.7 million citizens rely on subsistence farming for survival.
A decline in world commodity prices combined with lower demand hurt GDP growth in 2009, but a sharp rebound in copper prices and a bumper maize crop have helped Zambia begin to recover.
Of the total land area, only 7 percent is utilized for cultivated crops, with no measurable area dedicated to permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees.
A staggering 86 percent of Zambia’s population lives in poverty.
Environmental issues include deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, lack of adequate water treatment and acid rain resulting from copper mining.