IFDC functions as a sub-grantee to the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) under the NSAF project (2016-2021), with a role focused on fertilizer and ISFM market development, private sector engagement, public sector policy, and extension. The broader project has both a seed component and a fertilizer component.

The seed component builds the capacity of the public and private sectors on market-oriented variety development, technologies for quality seed production, and seed business development.

The fertilizer component updates ISFM and fertilizer recommendations, seeks to commercialize more precise fertilizer application equipment, builds agro-input retailer and farmer cooperative knowledge of ISFM and fertilizer management using the “4R” Nutrient Stewardship approach (right source, right rate, right time, and right place), and explores options for policy reform and an increased private sector role in fertilizer distribution.

NSAF seeks to increase national crop productivity as well as household-level food security and economic welfare. The project is funded by USAID via CIMMYT.

IFDC’s role in the NSAF project focuses on fertilizer and ISFM and includes strengthening the institutional capacity of the newly formed Nepal Fertilizer Entrepreneurs Association (NeFEA).

Goals Met

  • Assisted NeFEA in preparing the association’s business development strategies.
  • Produced training materials for best management practices for rice, wheat, maize, cauliflower, tomato, and onion.
  • Carried out a market assessment to evaluate precision fertilizer application tools.
  • Conducted economic analysis of polymer-coated urea and urea briquettes.


  • Conducted an initial assessment, in response to COVID-19, with partner cooperatives in April 2020 to determine the availability of fertilizer.
  • Assisted the national agricultural research system (NARS) in preparing digital soil mapping, the scope of work for the fertilizer blending policy activity for MoALD, and training materials on organic matter buildup in Nepalese soils.
  • Also assisted the Government of Nepal in importing 50,000 mt of urea fertilizers from Bangladesh during the pandemic.


  • The project assisted NeFEA in preparing the association’s business development strategies and in creating a conducive environment for policy advocacy. With project support, NeFEA has strengthened its relationship and communication with the Government of Nepal
  • Training materials were finalized. These include factsheets on best management practices, training manuals, and flip-files for rice, wheat, maize, cauliflower, tomato, and onion.
  • A market assessment was carried out to evaluate precision fertilizer application tools, and an economic analysis of polymer-coated urea and urea briquettes was conducted.
  • 146 Department of Agriculture extension workers (84 female) participated in farmer trainings, demonstration plots, and field days.
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