Senegal is located in West Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. The climate is tropical – very hot and humid.
Senegal’s agriculture sector is weak at 13 percent of GDP; thus, agricultural exports are not substantial. In comparison, the service sector represents almost 64 percent of GDP.
As a member of the West African Economic and Monetary Union, Senegal works toward greater regional integration. Its phosphate industry, however, has struggled to secure capital, and reduced output has directly impacted GDP.
Of the total land area, 19 percent is utilized for cultivated crops, while no measurable amount of the total land supports permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees.
Senegal is working closely with international monetary organizations to generate economic progress, but the country’s 48 percent unemployment and 54 percent poverty rates continue to be problematic.
The country also faces environmental issues including deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion and desertification.