Tanzania is located in eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean between Kenya and Mozambique. The climate varies from tropical along the coast to temperate in highlands.
Tanzania has experienced strong growth in its agriculture sector over the past decade, but the benefits have not been widely distributed. With 80 percent of the labor force employed in agriculture, the sector has the potential to drive economic growth and reduce poverty.
The country depends on agriculture, which makes up more than one-quarter of the country’s GDP and provides 85 percent of its exports. The Tanzanian government has increased agricultural spending to 7 percent.
Although growth rates in Tanzania continue to increase due to gold production and tourism, Tanzania remains one of the poorest per capita economies in the world.
While the agriculture sector in Tanzania is expanding, more than 40 percent of the population lives in areas where erratic rainfall causes recurring food shortages.