Togo is located in West Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana. The climate is tropical in the southern region and semiarid in the north.
Togo’s small, sub-Saharan economy is heavily dependent on both commercial and subsistence agriculture. Cocoa, coffee and cotton generate about 40 percent of export earnings, with cotton being the most important cash crop. Togo is also the world’s fourth-largest producer of phosphate.
Of the total land area, 44 percent is utilized for cultivated crops, while another two percent supports permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees.
Thirty-two percent of Togo’s population live below the poverty line. Environmental issues include deforestation due to slash-and-burn agriculture, the use of wood for fuel and water pollution.