Mali is located in West Africa, southwest of Algeria. The climate ranges from subtropical to arid, and more than half of its land area is desert or semi-desert.
Mali is vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices for gold and cotton, its main exports. However, Mali’s government has joined with three other cotton-producing countries in the region – Benin, Burkina Faso and Chad (known as the Cotton-4 countries) – to lobby in the World Trade Organization for fewer subsidies to cotton producers in competing countries.
Of the total land area, only 5 percent is utilized for cultivated crops, with no notable dedication of land to permanent crops such as fruit- and nut-bearing trees.
Mali is one of the world’s 25 poorest countries and is supported by foreign aid.
Environmental issues include deforestation, soil erosion, desertification and inadequate supplies of potable water.
Projects in Mali
IFDC is working to increase food security and incomes in Mali. Our key projects in the country are 2SCALE, USAID C4CP, USAID FDP MD and USAID WAFP.