Feed the Future EnGRAIS aims to increase the availability and use of fertilizers that are appropriate and affordable for smallholder farmers in West Africa.

EnGRAIS is one of the many assistance programs supported by the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Project partners include the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), West and Central African Council for Agricultural Research and Development (CORAF), West Africa Fertilizer Association (WAFA), and other relevant private sector organizations.

The project seeks to promote a competitive, inclusive, and private sector-led, regional fertilizer market.

EnGRAIS (2018-2023) works particularly with African-led institutions to develop well-functioning private sector-led fertilizer markets at regional and national levels through, among other things, support to private sector associations like WAFA. Such markets will ensure the supply of quality fertilizer at affordable prices so they can be accessed by farmers.

Goals Met

Strengthening the West Africa Fertilizer Market

The project seeks to promote a competitive, inclusive, and private sector-led, regional fertilizer market. This will be strengthened through increasing the management capacity and sustainability of WAFA and other relevant regional private sector organizations/associations and industry actors collaborating through multi-stakeholder platforms to improve supply chain efficiency and improve fertilizer affordability.

 Providing Input Recommendations and Packages

In cooperation with CORAF, EnGRAIS will develop and provide regional and national decisionmakers with critical input packages, including fertilizer, seed, and good agricultural practice recommendations for key crops and agroecological zones (AEZs) across the sub-region and delivery strategies to ensure that these inputs are adopted and effective in improving agricultural productivity in the sub-region.

 Facilitating Implementation of Fertilizer Regulations

The project will facilitate the development of an enabling policy environment that applies the ECOWAS regional fertilizer regulations and standards that Member States largely adopted under EnGRAIS’ predecessor, the USAID West Africa Fertilizer Program (WAFP). EnGRAIS also will promote the use of the Regional Fertilizer Subsidy Guide initially developed under WAFP to reform national-level fertilizer subsidy programs and to stimulate commercial activity and investment in the sector.

Mobilizing and Engaging Key Stakeholders at National and Sub-National Levels

EnGRAIS includes a mechanism for USAID bilateral missions, if they choose, to buy into the project to enable it to directly support additional development and facilitation of the inputs sector in their respective countries. Such buy-ins will enable EnGRAIS to mobilize commitment and harmonize engagement with key fertilizer stakeholders across West Africa through activities in individual countries. These activities may include development/strengthening of fertilizer business associations and agro-dealer networks, development and marketing/implementation of improved input recommendations and packages and application technologies, harmonization with and implementation of regional fertilizer regulations and reform of fertilizer subsidy programs to be “smart” and conform with regional guidance.


  • In partnership with CORAF’s PAIRED project, developed the Fertilizer and Seed Recommendations Map for West Africa (FeSeRWAM) and its agricultural input packages to help farmers increase their productivity.
  • In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, published 12 weekly bulletins of the West Africa Fertilizer Watch to ensure access to fertilizers by West African farmers before the start of the 2020 planting season.
  • Assisted the West African Fertilizer Association (WAFA) to secure a $520 million line of credit from the ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development for its 60-plus members.
  • Supported several countries to fast-track implementation of the harmonized ECOWAS fertilizer quality control regulation, which has now been published in 14 Member State national gazettes.


  • Assisted WAFA in the planning and organization of the 2018 and 2019 West Africa Fertilizer Forums (WAFFs) and sponsored the participation of 39 private and public sector attendees from 14 West African countries each year. An updated version of the West African Fertilizer Business Information Map was distributed to WAFF participants at both forums. 
  • Developed and implementing a two-year joint work plan with WAFA to build its capacity and initiate activities to ensure WAFA becomes the representative and chief advocate of the fertilizer private sector in the region. 
  • The Fertilizer and Seed Recommendations for West Africa Map (FeSeRWAM) was updated with new fertilizer recommendations and formulas for specific AEZs and crops. It now comprises 81 recommendations for 13 crops across AEZs of nine countries in West Africa.
  • Disseminated the Regional Fertilizer Subsidy Program Guidance, which was developed under the West Africa Fertilizer Program, and provided direct technical assistance to several countries, including Burkina Faso and Ghana, to help them reform their fertilizer subsidy programs.
  • Conducted a comprehensive Ghana Fertilizer Value Chain Optimization Study, commissioned by the Government of Ghana and funded by OCP and EnGRAIS, which covered fertilizer cost buildups, formulations, use by region and crop, subsidy programs, recent developments, and a suggested way forward.

Annual Reports

2019 Annual Report

Monthly Project Highlights

October 2019

November 2019

Buy-In Information

Buy-In Mechanism Fact Sheet

Possible USAID Bilateral Buy-In Activities relating to Fertilizer/Productivity Development

Fertilizer Cost Build-Up and Process Maps in West Africa

Structure of Logistics Costs and Fertilizer Import Procedures Along Four Corridors in West Africa

Abidjan (FR)

Dakar (FR)

Lome (FR)

Tema (FR)

Fertilizer Market-Related Publications

West African Fertilizer Business Information Map

West African Fertilizer Business Information Guide (Coming Soon)

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The Feed the Future Enhancing Growth through Regional Agricultural Input Systems (EnGRAIS) project for West Africa is one of the many assistance programs supported by the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).